As violence has escalated in the Israel-Hamas war, instances of antisemitism and Islamophobia have risen rapidly in the United States. According to the Anti-Defamation League, there has been a 388% increase in antisemitic instances since the attack by Hamas on Oct. 7. The Council on American-Islamic Relations reported a 182% increase in bias incidents and requests for assistance in the weeks following the attack.
On college campuses, which are homes for student activism and academic debate, students are describing hostile environments, hate speech, and incidents of violence based on perceived or actual religious affiliation or nationality. These attacks threaten their sense of safety and well-being. To protect the mental health of all students, The Jed Foundation (JED) suggests colleges and universities take the following actions to engage students and support their mental health during this time and beyond.
In moments of uncertainty and fear, letting students know the measures being taken to keep them safe and responding to any incidents quickly and effectively can bring relief and bolster feelings of safety and security.
Share Enhanced Safety and Security Measures
Physical and virtual safety is critical to students’ mental health and emotional well-being. Students should feel safe when they enter classrooms, move through campus, and engage online. Without a sense of physical safety, learning is not possible and mental health declines.
As campuses make decisions about increased security measures to protect students—including online—they should be clearly communicated to the campus community. Expectations about student conduct should be made clear at all times through prominent dissemination of current and enhanced code-of-conduct and anti-harassment policies.
Disseminate Policies for Reporting Bias Incidents
Clearly and consistently articulate bias-response protocols to enable students to take action if they experience discrimination, harassment, hate speech, or violence. When institutions outline these processes, they empower students to respond to a harmful situation and help them feel supported. They also help protect students most at risk and promote a sense of overall campus safety, which influences the experiences of all students, not just those directly affected.
Respond to Student Concerns and Distress
After traumatic events, it can be difficult for students to return to their daily lives, and they may need help to process their experiences. Students will have different responses, so support can take many forms.
Facilitate Listening Sessions
Help students process their emotions and find appropriate support systems by creating facilitated conversations in which they can come together and share their experiences in a supportive environment. Providing students with an avenue to voice their thoughts and feelings can be therapeutic. Facilitators can also keep an eye out for students who may need additional support and resources.
Have Campus Leadership Play an Active Role
The participation of campus leaders, such as the university president and student council representatives, provides assurance to students that their concerns are being taken seriously, and empowers them to advocate for the measures they need to feel safe.
Actively Support Student Mental Health
Students with direct experience with bias, hate crimes, or violence are at increased risk of mental health symptoms, even if they are not the target of current hateful actions. It’s important to acknowledge, however, that attacks on groups of people on campuses can affect the mental well-being of all students.
- Have a sufficient number of mental health practitioners on call to meet the demands for counseling.
- Offer opportunities for social and peer support groups to come together to help students build connections with others who share similar experiences.
- Communicate with all students about what support is available to them.
- Encourage everyone on campus to identify and reach out to someone who may be struggling.
- JED’s article How to Help Students Cope With Safety Threats offers ways faculty can support students in this moment.
- JED’s Faculty Guide to Supporting Student Mental Health gives faculty clear ways to recognize and support students who are struggling.
- Students can find resources for opening conversations around mental health in JED’s Mental Health Resource Center and at Seize The Awkward.
Promote Campus Connectedness and a Culture of Caring
People have an innate need for belonging, but college students are unique in that this may be the first time they are away from home and less able to rely on their ties to family and friends from afar. It’s essential for colleges to create opportunities for connectedness to help students thrive.
Empower Students to Work Together for an Improved Campus Climate
The current political situation is complex. Teaching students how to navigate issues like these will serve the community now and in the future. Consider offering:
- Teach-ins on antisemitism and Islamophobia.
- Workshops to coach students on navigating complex conversations.
- Bystander-intervention training, so students know how to respond in violent or discriminatory situations.
Depending on the needs of the individual community, campuses may also consider changes or additions to curricular offerings to meet the needs of this moment.
Enhance Campus Connection Through Celebration of Identities
All human beings feel more connected and supported when they feel seen and understood. Religion and religious communities are often a source of hope and strength for students and a big part of who they are, so it is especially unsettling when it’s the reason for harm directed at them. They may experience feelings of fear, shame, isolation, or anger as a result.
As difficult as this moment is, it offers a chance to build in programs that celebrate the diverse identities and backgrounds that make up your student body. Consider:
- Engaging with student religious community leaders to identify effective ways to increase awareness of religious identities and practices.
- Offering events that celebrate Jewish and Muslim identity and educate students from other backgrounds on their cultures and religious practices.
- Creating interfaith organizations that can advance understanding across all religions on campus.
- Implementing curricular changes that incorporate Jewish and Muslim culture and history.
For more information, read and share these resources on combating hate and responding to trauma with your students and faculty:
- How to Help Students Cope With Safety Threats
- Religious Bullying: How to Get Help and Cope
- How to Cope With Safety Threats in Your Community or the World
- How to Cope With Traumatic Events
For additional help, JED can provide consulting support to colleges and universities during this challenging time.